Lunigiana, in Tuscany’s far northwest corner, is greener, wilder and at least as welcoming as the parts of Tuscany we all know. Vineyards set against a backdrop of Carrarra mountains are rough-hewn, much like the gouged mountains of marble. Both have been worked for centuries. In the Lunigiana, we found an under-the-radar gem, sandwiched between the Ligurian coastal towns of the Cinque Terre and the Tuscan hipsters of Lucca and Pisa.
The region between the northern Apennines, the Versilia plain and the Gulf of La Spezia has a rural character. It has castles, Romanesque churches and hamlets where the pace of life is quiet. Just a bump off the coastal highway, Lunigiana gets its name from Luni, an ancient Roman harbor.
“Lunigiana is rural and seldom visited, but has over 160 castles and castle ruins and food you won’t find elsewhere.”–James Martin, Lunigiana resident and Italy travel expert
If you are a fan of Tuscany, you are very likely into castles, good wine and food, and unbeatable landscapes rolling into the distance. You’ll find those things here, too, but with fewer crowds to jostle your camera. Parts of the region were bombed to smithereens in the Second World War, but since then, have been rebuilt. Some places are as they must have been a long time ago: simple, rural, and especially inviting to a visitor wanting to get a bit off the beaten travel track.
Tom and I visited the Lunigiana with Italy travel insiders James Martin and Martha Bakerjian (and include a few of their recommendations at the end of the post). Here is a sampling of what we found there.
A verdant landscape
The mountainsides in the Lunigiana are steep, with woods, natural caves and small river tributaries coursing through its three main valleys. The landscape is dotted with medieval villages, monasteries and vineyards.
Lunigiana once covered a large territory that stretched east to Parma, west to La Spezia and south to Lucca. Separated from the rest of Tuscany by mountains, the region still has much in common with Reggio Emilia and coastal Liguria. Each hilltop village has its own character.
Rustic food traditions
Lunigiana’s food is rustic. Cheese, pork and all manner of charcuterie are staples here, and chickpeas and kamut figure in pastas and breads. Wood-burning ovens turn out fine loaves, cakes and flatbreads. We tried several local dishes, from oven-baked rabbit to a type of flatbread called panigacci. And there are the famous testaroli, thin breads baked in terracotta over glowing embers. Cooled, cut into squares, boiled and served with pesto, they become Lunigiana’s best known dish. My hands-down favorite, though, was torta d’erbe, rustic chard pie made just a bit differently by every cook.
Tom and I always enjoy marvelous Gorgonzola and other Italian cheeses, but this trip we got to try the savory, pungent mess called ricotta forte. The cheese, made by adding grappa and salt to ricotta and aging it way past its use-by date, proved to be just right when glopped over a plate of sturdy penne. The ricotta forte we tried in Lunigiana had an impact similar to this ricotta forte from Puglia, but it was brown (that is to say really, REALLY aged).
If you go
Lunigiana has a close affinity with nearby Liguria, whose beaches and fabulous seafood lie within easy reach for a day trip. Consider combining a ramble through the Lunigiana countryside with a stay on the Ligurian coast, or before or after a visit to Lucca or Pisa.
We are indebted to resident Italy experts James Martin and Martha Bakerjian for more ideas than we could possible fit into our brief stay in Lunigiana! Here are just a few of their suggestions for self-guided travel in the region:
- You’ll need a car to get around in Lunigiana. Regional trains will get you to Pontremoli and several other villages, but without wheels, it’s just about impossible to have an in-depth travel experience here.
- Several of the villages we visited, such as Pontromoli, would make a fine home base! Here is a useful page with a helpful map of the Lunigiana to help you know what is where.
- Consider a visit to the marble quarries at Carrara, either on your own or on a guided tour.
- Don’t book tickets for your next trip to Tuscany, until you’ve checked out this guide to Lunigiana from Wandering Italy! It has all the background you might wish, from micro-destinations within the region to weather conditions to recommendations for foods to try and options for car rentals.
Now, are you ready to plan your trip?